Direction : Each passage below is followed by questions based on its content. Answer all questions following a passage on the basis of what is stated and implied in it.
It is important to note that most accidents are psychological in nature, not mechanical. Seventy-eight percent of all vehicles involved in fatal accident are found to be in good conditions. The fact that, in the twenty-two percent, the problems are usually in tires, lights, or brakes, most of which the driver possibly aware of, and that he goes on driving anyhow, make these accidents seem to be appropriately characterized as ones in which there is also a strong psychological factor._________1. All of the following facts are included in the passage EXCEPT which one of the following:
- Psychological factors contribute much less than mechanical factors.
- Seventy-eight percent of all vehicular accidents involve vehicles in good condition
- Vehicles with defects involve in twenty-two percent of all vehicular accidents.
- Vehicles with defective brakes, tires, lights are usually known by their drivers.
________2. The author implies that
- defects in brakes, lights or tires do not result in accidents
- accidents which are caused by mechanical failures are not the fault of the driver
- if mechanical defects were corrected seventy-eight percent of the accident could be avoided.
- if the driver is aware that his vehicle has a mechanical defect and drives it anyway, the accident that may result could not be attributed to mechanical, but psychological factors.
A foreword is written by someone other than the author; a preface gives the author his first opportunity to address the reader directly. Many reviewers turn immediately to the preface of a book, before reading the contents. They want to know the author's motivation for writing the book, how it was written, and any other material that will make their review more interesting.
________3. In the above passage, the author stresses
- the author's motivation for writing the book
- the definition of a foreword
- the importance of a good book review
- the importance of a preface and of writing a good one.